• If you are citizen of an European Union member nation, you may not use this service unless you are at least 16 years old.

  • You already know Dokkio is an AI-powered assistant to organize & manage your digital files & messages. Very soon, Dokkio will support Outlook as well as One Drive. Check it out today!


Creation of Rocky Boy's Reservation

Page history last edited by Marcella Walter 6 years, 5 months ago

Rocky Boy's Indian Reservation was the last Indian reservation created in Montana and its creation marked a turning point in the lives of many Montana Chippewa-Cree. Created in reaction to the poverty of Montana‚Äôs urban Indians, the reservation owes its existence to persistent efforts of Cree leader Little Bear, Chippewa leader Rocky Boy, and their white allies, particularly writer and politician Frank Bird Linderman, artist Charles M. Russell, Great Falls founder, Senator Paris Gibson, and Great Falls Tribune newspaper publisher William Bole. Examine how these leaders employed conflict and compromise to reach their goals--and examine how pursuing a specific goal succeeded when many different cultural leaders combined their efforts through varying strategies.


Secondary Sources


Dusenberry, Verne, "The Rocky Boy Indians: Montana's Displaced People" Montana The Magazine of Western History 4(1) 1954, 1-15


River, Celeste. A mountain in his memory : Frank Bird Linderman, his role in acquiring the Rocky Boy Indian Reservation for the Montana Chippewa and Cree, and the importance of that experience in the development of his literary career. 1990. 


Shane, Ralph, "Brief History of the Rocky Boy's Indian Reservation Montana, 1969" [970.5 Sh3]


Wessel, Thomas A History of the Rocky Boy's Indian Reservation [Done under Contract to the BIA]


Primary Sources at the Montana Historical Society

Frank Bird Linderman Papers, 1911-1936 


Wandering American-Born Indians of RockyBoy's Band, Montana, Senate Reports, Vol. 4, 58th Cong. 2nd Sess., Report No. 1020, 1904 


Primary and Secondary Sources on the Internet


Montana: Stories of the Land (Helena, MT, 2008), 304-305 (good brief background)


"Montana's Landless Indians and the Assimilation Era of Federal Indian Policy: A Case of Contradiction" (Montana Historical Society andMontana Office of Public Instruction, 2015).


Vertical Files at the Montana Historical Society


Little Bear

Rocky Boy

Rocky Boy Indian Reservation


Comments (0)

You don't have permission to comment on this page.