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Montana and the Debate over Sustained Yield

Page history last edited by mkohl@mt.gov 2 months, 1 week ago

Resource development almost always requires difficult encounters--flat out conflict--among peoples and cultures who value those resources in different ways:  for recreation, beauty, self-sustaining livelihoods, corporate growth.  The longer Montanans explored and used the land's seemingly endless forests, the more we have learned that we don't all agree on the role that timber should play in our lives.  




Clary, David A. “What Price Sustained Yield?  The Forest Service, Community Stability, and Timber Monopoly under the 1944 Sustained-Yield Act,”  Journal of Forest History January 1967.  


Holter, A.M.  Pioneer Lumbering in Montana.  Compiled and reproduced by the Timberman, Portland, OR n.d.


Jensen, Vernon H.  Lumber and Labor.  New York-Toronto:  Farrar and Rinehart, Inc., 1945.


Morrow, Delores.  Our Sawdust Roots:  A History of the Forest Products Industry in Montana.  State of Montana, Montana Historical Society n.d. 


Neils, Paul.  Julius Neils and the J. Neils Lumber Company.  Seattle:  Frank McCaffrey Publisher, 1971.


Robbins, William G.  Lumberjacks and Legislators:  Political Economy of the U.S. Lumber Industry, 1890-1941.  Texas A&M University Press 1982. 


Robbins, William G.  “The Tarnished Dream:  The Turbulent World of the Forest Products Industry in the Northwest.”  Montana The Magazine of Western History, Vol. 37 No. 1 Winter 1987.  


Robbins, William G.  “The Western Lumber Industry:  A 20th Century Perspective,” The 20th Century West:  Historical Interpretations, edited by Gerald Nash and Richard Etulain editors.   University of New Mexico Press, Albuquerque 1989.



Bowman, A.B.  Management Plan For The Kootenai Sustained Yield Unit: Kootenai National Forest Lincoln County, Montana 1946.  U.S. Department of Agriculture United States Forest Service, 1946.  PAM 3149


Hanson, P.D.  The Proposed Kootenai Sustained Yield Unit: Kootenai National Forest.  U.S. Department of Agricultural United States Forest Service 1948.  PAM 203


Montana Study Research Collection MC 270.  Montana Historical Society Archives 1943-1954.  “Toward The Stabilization and Enrichment of A Forest Community,” by Harold and Lois Kaufman, Research Associates of the Montana Study, University of Montana, 1946. (Unavailable October 15, 2015-April 15, 2015)


Primary and Secondary Sources on the Internet

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations – “Public Management of Federal Forest Land in the United States,” Douglas Henderson and Lane Krahl:  http://www.fao.org/docrep/v9122e/v9122e10.htm


U.S. Forest Service:



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