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Lee Metcalf

Page history last edited by Marcella Walter 6 years, 6 months ago

Lee Metcalf was born in Stevensville, Montana, in 1911, and became an attorney, a state legislator, and a member of the Montana Supreme Court.  In the early 1950s, he was elected to a seat in the U. S. House of Representatives and in 1960 to the Senate.  Metcalf worked on behalf of many social justice causes, the Peace Corps, and education, but may be best known as a pioneer of the conservation movement.  He helped to shape the 1964 Wilderness Act,  supported creation of several wilderness areas, and worked on behalf of stream and migratory bird issues.  He is recognized as one of the mid-century political giants with unusual passion for important issues and skill in negotiating for successful resolution on their behalf.   Take a look at Senator Metcalf and other Montana local, state, and national political leaders.  Often they were engaged in serious political conflicts with private interests and politicians who disagreed strenuously, but reached their goals through effective diplomacy and compromise.


Secondary Sources:


Morrison, John and Catherine Wright.  Mavericks: The Lives and Battles of Montana’s Political Legends. 2003


Swanson, Frederick H. (Spring 2013). "Lee Metcalf and the Politics of Preservation, Part I: A Positive Program of Development". Montana the Magazine of Western History. 63 (1): 3–23, 89–91.


Swanson, Frederick H. (Summer 2013). "Lee Metcalf and the Politics of Preservation, Part II: Conflict, Compromise, and the Art of Leadership". Montana the Magazine of Western History. 63 (2): 58–75, 94–96.


Swanson, Frederick H. Where Roads Will Never Reach: Wilderness and Its Visionaries in the Northern Rockies.  2015.


Warden, Richard D. Metcalf of Montana, How A Senator Makes Government Work1965.



Primary Sources:


The Lee Metcalf Papers , photographs,  interviews, and related documents held by the Montana Historical Society.  http://mtsc.sdp.sirsi.net/client/en_US/MT-HIST/search/results?qu=lee+metcalf&te=&lm=MT-HIST or "Guide to the Lee Metcalf papers". Northwest Digital Archives. Montana Historical Society Research Center.


Primary and Secondary Sources on the Web:


Lee Metcalf National Wildlife Refuge. U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service.  https://www.fws.gov/refuge/lee_metcalf/about/Lee_Metcalf.html



“Senator Lee Metcalf (1911-1978). Montana Historical Society History Wiki about Lee Metcalf.  http://montanahistorywiki.pbworks.com/w/page/85322191/Senator%20Lee%20Metcalf%20(1911-1978)



Vertical Files at the Montana Historical Society:


Lee Metcalf Wildlife Refuge, Stevensville, MT

Metcalf, Donna Hoover

Metcalf, Jerry

  • 3/98-includes announcement of Jerry Metcalf foundation

Metcalf, Lee (4 folders)

  • campaign material
  • Memorabilia

Metcalf, Lee (Indian Affairs)

Metcalf, Lee--Memorial Services

Wilderness Areas

Wilderness Bills


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